Review of the Russian Foreign Trade Market of Nuts and Dried FruitsResearch of the Information-Analytical Company “VVS”
The Russian market of nuts and dried fruits includes a wide variety of products. Nuts and dried fruits are rich in vitamins and micronutrients, which replenish reserves of the body, and therefore they are popular among consumers at any time of the year.
Imports play an important role in the Russian market of nuts and dried fruits. Let us look at volumes of imports and exports of certain product types*.
In January-June 2016, 12.9 thousand tons of raisins valued at $ 9.5 million were imported into Russia. Iranian raisins are the most popular in the Russian market – in the first half of 2016 their share in imports equaled 38.1%**. Afghanistan was second among producer countries supplying the Russian market with raisins – it accounted for 26.4% of the total import volume. Significant supply volumes were also recorded by producer countries such as India (12.6%), Chile (11.9%) and Turkey (6.9%). The remaining 4.1% were divided among 8 other countries.
The total number of Russian raisin importers in the first half of 2016 was 91. The top ten companies accounted for 53% of the import volume. The main importers were “MF “Niku” LLC (Astrakhan region), “Mondelez Rus” LLC (Vladimir region) and “Ilkin Rus” LLC (Moscow).
Russian exporters supplied 311.7 tons of raisins abroad in the first half of 2016, valued at $ 393.5 thousand total. About 92.5% of Russian raisins were bought by Ukrainian purchasers. 7% of the overall export volume fell on Mongolia. The remaining share of 0.5% fell on 7 other partner countries.
147 Russian companies were exporting raisins during the time period analyzed. The top ten companies accounted for 49% of the export volume. The key exporters of raisins from Russia were private entrepreneurs delivering products to Lugansk region.
In the first half of 2016, 8.6 thousand tons of dates valued at $ 10.6 million were imported into Russia. Iranian dates are the most popular in Russia – their share in the overall volume of imports during the given time period amounted to 41.5%. Among the main producer countries, one can also highlight Algeria and Tunisia, the shares of which equaled 26.7 and 23.5% of the total import volume respectively. The remaining 8.4% of date imports fell on 9 other countries.
77 companies were market participants on the Russian side in the first half of 2016. The top ten importers accounted for 56% of all imports. The key importers were as follows: “Mira” LLC (Krasnodar Krai), “Galateya” LLC (Ivanovo region) and “Vneshtorg” LLC (Krasnodar Krai).
Dates are second in volume of exports among dried fruits and nuts, following raisins. In the first half of 2016, 156.4 tons of this product valued at $ 145.1 thousand were exported. The largest volumes of sales fell on Ukrainian purchasers, the share of which equaled 89.4%. Azerbaijan was second with the share of 7.5%. The remaining 3.1% were distributed among 3 other countries.
92 companies served as exporters. The top ten companies accounted for 74% of the total export volume. The leader among exporters was “Vostok (East)” LLC (Republic of Dagestan). Apart from the company mentioned, the top ten exporters were formed by private entrepreneurs.
During the analyzed period, 5.5 thousand tons of prunes valued at $ 10.6 thousand were imported. Products from three countries formed the basis of prune imports. The leader in the first half of 2016 was Argentina with the share of 35.5% in the overall volume of imports. It was followed by Chilean producers with a slightly lower share of 35.1%. The top three countries also include Moldova, the share of which equaled 23.1%. The remaining 6.3% fell on 5 other countries.
66 companies were importers on the Russian side. The leading ten companies accounted for 59% of the total purchase volume in the first half of 2016. Among the main importers, one can highlight “Natimport” LLC (Saint Petersburg), “Interlogistik” LLC (Bryansk region) and “Agroimpex” LLC (Saint Petersburg).
58.4 tons of prunes valued at $ 69.1 thousand total were exported in the first half of 2016. The key partner country in prune exports from Russia was Ukraine, which accounted for 85.9% of the total volume of sales. Mongolian importers acquired 8.7% of exported prunes. Azerbaijan received 2.9%. The remaining 2.5% were distributed among 7 countries. 91 countries were exporting prunes in the first half of 2016. The top ten exporters accounted for 71% of the export volume. The key exporters were individual entrepreneurs.
In January–June 2016, 2.4 thousand tons of dried apricots valued at $ 6 million were imported into the Russian Federation. The bulk of imported dried apricots – 84.3% – was accounted for by Turkey. Chinese producers had a significant share of 12.7%. The remaining 3% were distributed among 4 countries: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Iran and Afghanistan.
Dried apricots were being imported by 43 companies during the first half of 2016. The top ten accounted for 75% of purchases. The key importers were “Agroimpex” (Saint Petersburg), “Kompaniya “Good Food” LLC (Moscow) and “Orekhprom” CJSC (Krasnodar Krai).
Exports of apricots were significantly lower than imports. In the first half of 2016 they amounted to 72.2 tons valued at $ 159 thousand (32.5 tons thereof were re-exports). Russian dried apricot exports were mainly directed at Turkey (45%) and Ukraine (44.4%). The remaining 10.7% fell on 6 other partner countries.
Dried apricots were exported by 83 companies in the first half of 2016. The leading ten companies accounted for 83% of the overall volume of sales. Among the key exporters, the following companies can be highlighted: “Vitera” LLC (Moscow), “MF “Kurosh” LLC (Astrakhan region) and “Orimi” LLC (Leningrad region).
The volume of fig imports equaled 443 tons valued at $ 1 million. Practically all the figs imported into Russia in the first half of 2016 were of Turkish origin – the share of this country amounted to 99.8% of imports. The remaining part of 0.2% was Iranian figs.
13 companies were market participants on the Russian side. The main ones among them are: “FTK” LLC (Moscow), “Kliver-Trading” LLC (Krasnodar Krai) and “Nut-Land” LLC (Moscow).
Fig exports in January–June 2016 amounted to 6.7 tons of products at $ 15.2 thousand. Companies from two countries served as partners of Russian fig exporters: Ukraine with the share of 86.3% and Mongolia with the share of 13.7%. Figs are mainly exported by private entrepreneurs, the number of which in the first half of 2016 reached 24.
Hazelnut imports in the first half of 2016 amounted to 3.2 thousand tons in volume terms and $ 20 million in value terms. Among producer countries, Azerbaijan was the leader in hazelnut supplies to Russia – its share equaled 63.5% of the overall import volume. Around 19% were hazelnuts from Georgia. 17.4% fell on Turkish hazelnuts.
24 companies were importing hazelnuts in the first half of 2016. The leading ten companies accounted for 87% of the overall purchase volume. The key importers are “Mondelez Rus” (Vladimir region), “Konditerskiy Kontsern (Confectionery Concern) “Babaevsky” OJSC (Moscow) and “Good Food” (Moscow).
The volume of hazelnut exports amounted to 1.6 tons valued at $ 7.3 thousand. The volume of exports was distributed among 3 countries: Ukraine (74.9%), Mongolia (24.7%) and Latvia (0.4%). Hazelnuts were exported by 20 companies in the first half of 2016, most of which are private entrepreneurs.
The volume of cashew imports amounted to 1.7 thousand tons valued at $ 11.3 million. The leader among cashew producer countries imported into Russia in January–June 2016 was Vietnam. The share of Vietnamese producers equaled 93% of the total import volume. 3.4% of the total cashew volume came from Guinea. Around 1.8% fell on nuts from India, and the remaining 1.8% were divided between 7 other countries.
36 companies were importers in the first half of 2016. 71% fell on the top ten companies. The key importers were “Good Food” (Moscow), “Agroimpex” and “Natimport” (Saint Petersburg).
Russian exporters supplied 23 tons of cashews valued at $ 157.7 thousand abroad during the first half of 2016 (20.5 tons thereof were re-exports). The leader in cashew purchases from Russia was Lithuania, the share of Lithuanian purchasers amounting to 89.2% of the overall export volume. The share of Ukrainian importers equaled 8%. The remaining 2.8% fell on two other countries.
15 companies were exporters in the first half of 2016. The largest share of sales was accounted for by “Kardbel-Smolensk” LLC (Smolensk region).
Almond imports in the first half of 2016 amounted to 1.1 thousand tons valued at $ 11.6 million. Among producer countries, China and Chile can be highlighted with their shares in imports being 47.2 and 38.9% respectively. The three leaders also include the UAE, the share of which equaled 9.3% of the total almond import volume. The share of Turkish producers amounted to 4.6%. Insignificant supply volumes were also recorded by Uzbekistan and Thailand. 25 companies were participating in almond imports on the Russian side in the first half of 2016. The leading ten companies accounted for 92% of the total volume of purchases.
Among the key importers, one can highlight “Karpos” LLC, “Pishevoy Kombinat (Food Factory) “Russkiy Produkt (Russian Product)” LLC (Kaliningrad region) and “Sogdiana” LLC (Moscow).
Almond exports amounted to 22 tons valued at $ 218.3 thousand. Around 90.1% of exports in the first half of 2016 were delivered to Turkey. Relatively large volumes of exports– 5.7 and 4.1% respectively – fell on Mongolia and Ukraine. Latvia and Norway got the remaining 0.1% of exports.
18 companies were exporting almonds during the analyzed time period, and the leader among them was “Ferrero Russia” CJSC (Vladimir region).
The volume of pistachio imports in January–June 2016 amounted to one thousand tons of the product valued at $ 12.7 million. Pistachios are mainly supplied to Russia from Iran – the share of Iranian producers in the first half of 2016 equaled 99.4% of the total volume of imports. The rest fell on Chinese pistachios. Pistachios were being imported by 19 companies. The ten leading companies accounted for 93% of the overall volume of purchases. The key importers were “Lakshmi Star” LLC, “Baltprod” LLC and “Yustinian” LLC (Kaliningrad region).
Pistachio exports in the first half of 2016 amounted to 13.6 tons in physical terms and $ 80.7 thousand in monetary terms (12 tons thereof being re-exports). Out of 13.6 tons of pistachios, 12 tons (88.1%) were delivered back to Iran, where they were originally supplied from. Around 6.5% of pistachios were supplied to Ukraine. Mongolia got 4.8% of the total export volume. The remaining 0.6% was split between 2 other countries. 11 companies were pistachio exporters, the leader among them being “Volgalestorg” LLC (Astrakhan region).
284 tons of walnuts valued at $ 2.5 million were imported. Goods of Chilean production were the basis of walnut imports in the first half of 2016 – the share of producers from this country equaled 78.6% of the total volume of imports. Walnuts grown in China were second, their share amounting to 7%. The top three countries also include Turkey, the share of which was 4.8%. The remaining 9.5% were accounted for by 7 other countries. 22 companies served as walnut importers. The leading ten companies accounted for 91% of the total volume of purchases. Among the key importers one can highlight “Karpos” (Kaliningrad region), “Sogdiana” (Moscow) and “Russkiy Produkt (Russian Product)” (Kaliningrad region).
Volumes of walnut exports in the first half of 2016 amounted to only 5.3 tons in physical terms and $ 24.1 thousand in monetary terms. The largest volume of walnuts was supplied to Mongolia. Mongolian importers accounted for 86% of the total volume of sales. Mongolia was followed by Ukraine with the share of 13.2%. The remaining 0.9% of the exports volume was split among 4 other countries. In the first half of 2016, walnuts were being exported by as few as 7 companies, and the main volumes were accounted for by individual entrepreneurs.
* Excluding trade with countries of the EAEU.
** The shares of producer countries and partner countries are calculated based on the volume of imports/exports in physical terms.
Head of Analytical Department