1,144 thousand tons of malt were produced in Russia in 2016, which is 4.8% lower than the level of 2015. Archived data for previous time periods considered, annual malt output was amounting to 1.1 million tons on average. The lowest figures fell on 2011 and were caused by the dry summer of 2010.
During the first 10 months of 2017, production of malt in the country increased by 5.9% compared with the similar period of 2016. In particular, regions of the Central Federal District, which accounted for 66.6% of malt output, demonstrated a 6.7% increase. At the same time, production figures in 2016 were remaining at the same level as in 2015, amounting to 754 thousand tons. It should be noted that in April 2016, production facilities of “Cargill”, a major malt producer, were shut down in Tula region.
Malted barley forms the basis of Russia’s domestic malt production. In 2016, its share equalled 97.4%. Among malt subtypes, 73.4% is accounted for by light barley malt. In 2016, output of all types of malt declined by 5.3% against 2015; production of light barley malt dropped by 22%. The share of malted wheat and rye was small. Malted rye output in 2016 increased by 14.4% to 2015, and total growth over the 3 years since 2014 equalled 36.5%. Production of wheat malt during the 3 full years increased by 3.9 times, amounting to 1.8 thousand tons in 2016.
As pointed out before, the bulk of malt production in the country falls on the Central Federal District, which occupies the share of 66.6%. The Volga Federal District is second in volumes, having produced 194.6 thousand tons of malt in 2016, exceeding the level of 2015 by 6.9%. Growth in the region continued in January–October 2017, and the volume increased by 8.2%, reaching 165.2 thousand tons. The Northwestern Federal District, represented by Saint Petersburg, was also among the top three regions. Following two-fold growth up to 191.7 thousand tons of malt in 2015, in 2016 the region demonstrated a decline by 42.5% to 110.3 thousand tons. During the first 10 months of 2017, malt output in the Northwestern Federal District amounted to 91.2 thousand tons.
The volume of malt imports (excluding malt in the form of flour), turnover with the countries of the Customs Union not taken into account, equalled 56.7 thousand tons in January–October 2017, having increased by 10.9% compared with the similar period of 2016. The leading producing country in malt supplies to the Russian market during the first 10 months of 2017 was Denmark. Compared with the similar period of the previous year, the country increased its indicators by 5.7 times. Malt produced in Germany was second during the time period in question, demonstrating 8.5% growth. Finland was also among the three leaders, even though imports of Finnish malt dropped by 28.7% to January–October 2016. It should be noted that in 2016, Finland was leading in volumes of malt supplies to Russia, having provided 26.1% of the total volume.
The leading company in malt supplies to Russia is the Finnish “Viking Malt Oy” – the company’s units located in different countries accounted for 36% of imports in January–October 2017; at the same time, their import volumes decreased by 11.7% against the first 10 months of 2016. The Danish “Sophus Fuglsang Export Maltfabrik AS” was second in import volumes, its supply volumes having grown by 3.2 times. “Michael Weyermann GmbH & Co. KG” was third in volumes of malt imports into Russia, its indicators having declined by 3% in January–October 2017.
Imports of malt from the countries of the Customs Union* in January–October 2017 amounted to 41.6 thousand tons, 41.4 thousand tons accounted for by Belarus. Compared with January–October of the previous year, malt imports from Belarus into the Russian Federation decreased by 20.2%. 94.3% in the structure of imports fell on non-roasted malt, whereas the share of roasted malt equalled 5.7%.
Malt exports from Russia, excluding the countries of the Customs Union, were prevailing over imports in 2016, and reached the volume of 69.6 thousand tons. In January–October 2017, exports amounted to 32.9 thousand tons, having dropped by 45.1% to the similar period of 2016. In particular, supplies from Taiwan plummeted by 62%, occupying the share of 28.6% – in 2016, the country’s share equalled 42%. In January–October 2017, Ukraine was first in volumes of purchases of Russian malt, supplies to the country having grown by 82.1%.
Among Russian manufacturers, during the first 10 months of 2017, “Baltiyskaya Solodovennaya Kompaniya (Baltic Malting Company)” LLC was leading in malt exports; its supply volumes dropped by 46% to the similar period of the previous year, and its share equalled 28.8%. The top three domestic producers also include “Belgorsolod” LLC and “Solodovenny Zavod Soufflet Sankt-Peterburg (Saint Petersburg Soufflet Malt Factory)” CJSC. “Belgorsolod” increased its supplies by 65% against the first 10 months of 2016, whereas “Solodovenny Zavod Soufflet Sankt-Peterburg” reduced its volume of supplies by 51.5%.
Exports of malt into the countries of the Customs Union in January–October 2017 amounted to 10.4 thousand tons, the main volume – 85.5% – falling on supplies to Kazakhstan.
It should be noted that the brewing industry serves as the leading consumer of malt. In January–October 2017, production of beer in Russia amounted to 629.8 million decalitres, which is 3.8% lower than in the similar period of 2016. In beer output, leadership belongs to the Volga Federal District with the volume of 186.5 million decalitres, its indicators having remained virtually at the level of January–October 2016. The volume of beer production in the Central regions is slightly lower – 181.4 thousand decalitres.
All in all, according to “ID-Marketing”, the apparent size of the malt market for the first 10 months of 2017 amounted to 1,036.2 thousand tons, the share of 9.5% in the market structure falling on imports. Exports are insignificant compared with production volumes and equal 4.4%.
* According to the Eurasian Economic Union.
Research Company “ID-Marketing”